[ Ethnic Minorities ]
China is a multicultural nation consisting of 56 ethnic groups. In the long course of historical development, all the nationalities have joined in the effort to creat the great culture that China represents.
Apart from the Han nationality, the other 55 ethnic groups , with a total lof more than 96.5 million people, constitute roughly 8.04% of the total population. Those with more than one million people are: Zhuang, Hui, Uighur, Yi, Miao, Manchu, Tibetan, Mongolian, Tujia, Bouyei, Korean, Dong, Yao, Bai and Hani.
The constitution guarantees all non-Han groups certain national rights and privileges. And they enjoy special government benefits, such as exemption from the on-child policy, lower academic test score requirments for secondary school entry, tax breaks, and government subsidies. In the 1980s, Deng Xiaoping's liberalization policies give full recognition of minority cultures and religions.
Now the minority nationalities, with mutual influence on tach other in the fields of economy, , politics and culture and close ties with the Han people, have developed communities of their own which are full of cultural peculiarities.